The rights provided by law still stand in the way of the rights stated in a written or oral agreement. An agreement that indicates that you or your landlord has fewer rights than those given under common law or law is a fictitious lease. Any clause in a consumer contract must be fair. This rule also applies to leases. The Consumer Rights Act 2015 and the Terms Unfair in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999 explain the types of clauses that can be considered abusive. Include all the terms in the main document. Don`t refer to other documents or use small print to add a term at the end. Use simple English in the rental agreement – a language that can be understood by the tenant. Avoid unusual language or complex sentence construction.
If your client asks you what something means (provided it is before the contract is signed), it might be a good indicator that your agreement is not clear enough. However, certain words in a lease agreement have a specific legal meaning and should not be changed. Both the 1999 Regulations on Abusive Clauses in Consumer Contracts and related Government Guidelines have been adopted to transpose the Council`s Directive 93/13/EEC on Abusive Clauses in Consumer Contracts into UK legislation. The European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a preliminary ruling on the interpretation of the directive in a case involving unfair penalty clauses for unpaid rents that did not reflect the actual loss to the landlord. The ECJ has defined the following principles:  “Transparent” means that the term is written in clear and understandable language and is readable. “Celebrity” means that the term is not hidden, z.B. in small print. The average consumer should be able to read and understand the terms of a contract. An alternative to using a rental price modification clause would be to use a shorter contract, terminate the tenancy agreement under the old terms and give the tenant the choice to accept a new lease, including rent and all other conditions as offered, or to evacuate at the end of the previous contract. How do these rules apply to leases? Basically, the lease you have depends on the facts of your situation, not on what your agreement says.
For example, if you pay rent to a private landlord who does not live with you and you have accepted a rent of 6 months, you will probably have short-term rent (or a guaranteed short rent in Scotland). This will also be the case if your agreement says otherwise. Check the type of lease you have.